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The biblical source for the requirement of ten men to complete aminyan (lit., “count” or “number”) isNumbers 14:27.Moses sent spies to scout the land ofCanaan. Ten of them returned and issued a report concluding that it was not a conquerable land.G‑d was extremely disappointed with their lack of faith in His abilities. He turns to Moses andAaron, telling them: "How long will this evil ‘assembly’ provoke [the Jewish nation] to complain against Me?” From here it is deduced that an “assembly” is comprised of ten men.
one comes to realize a great truth: the power of each individual Jew. There can be a group of nine of the greatest Jews, men who complete all of the commandments and understand the depths of the Torah’s secrets, yet they do not have the ability to complete aminyanon their own. However, add to the group the simplest Jew, someone who perhaps cannot properly read his prayer nor does he relay understand what he is saying, yet when he walks into the room he has now transformed to entire group and made them complete—aminyan. It is because of him that they are now able to recite those parts of the prayer that can be read only with aminyan. Never underestimate the potential of the individual Jew.-